2008 was the year of the last bull run. The previous bull markets happened in 2000 and 1992. Coincidentally, in the last two decades, bull markets happened every eight years. Investors bought equity most during these phases and the least during the lean years as the current one. What happened to the investments made in a bull market? Investors mostly held into them for long years hoping that they will recover in the next bull run. The best case scenario was they barely recovered costs. Profits were out of question. Why?
The reason is simple. Stocks which are fancied in one bull market become neglected in the next. The leadership of the stock markets change. For example, IT and dot com stocks which led the 2000 bull run never regained the high valuations ever again. Similarly, it will be safe to assume that power stocks will never regain their fancy valuations of 2008. Does anyone fancy BHEL now ? If you continue to hold the stock, recovering your cost is the best case scenario.
What will be the leading themes of the next bull run? Services is certain to lead the next bull run. This would include domestic services and global services. Banking, IT, telecom, travel, healthcare, hospitality and engineering services are amongst a host of industries which will thrive in the coming years. India will become the automobile hub of the world. We have strong competence in small car and bike manufacturing. We are likely to grow our exports significantly giving the industry a strong future. As commodity prices soften, commodity user industries will stand to benefit. Consumption will continue to be a strong theme as rural economy gains buying power. Sunrise sectors like food, renewable energy will see strong growth momentum. Overall, the themes like power, petrochemicals, engineering construction and realty which dominated the 2008 bull market will continue to struggle on the valuations front.